One of the few repeated modalities in part of the Olympic program, Judo is also present in the Paralympic program limited to the visually impaired since Seoul in 1986 for men and Athens 2004 for women.
Athletes are divided into 13 sub-categories according to their weight, 7 categories for men and 6 categories for women and there is also a rating according to the degree of visual impairment. This classification doesn't limit the dispute between judokas of different classes.
They are classified as B1, B2 and B3. B1 athletes do not have the overall vision or they see beams of light but without recognizing the shape of a hand. B2 athletes have perception only seeing shadows. Designated as B3 can set images clearly.
The Carioca Arena 3 built exclusively for the Olympic and Paralympic Games will host the Paralympic judo, having already received fencing and wrestling. There are 12 thousand spectators in capacity for competitions.
Champions in London
The domain in England fell to the Ukrainian, owners of 3 golds and 2 bronzes conquered between male and female. In number of achievements China was who most added medals in contention were 7, especially 5 silver.
Tied with Cuba and behind Russia, the Brazilians added 4 medals between 1 silver and 3 bronzes. Michele Ferreira in the category up to 52kg won bronze as well as Daniele Bernardes in the category up to 63kg and Antonio Tenorio in the men's heavyweight (100kg). Who came closer Gold was Lucia da Silva Teixeira in the category up to 57kg winning second place.
The Favorites in Rio 2016
Ukrainian judokas continue fighting well, having the domain in the most important tournaments like the World Championships and Open's judo. Dmytro Solovey is a leader in the category up to 73kg and must repeat the feat of the previous cycle, as Davyd Khorava again among the best in the category up to 66kg.
Brazilians have hope in the multi-medalist Antonio Tenorio, 5th place in the German Open held this year in the category up to 100kg. Arthur Silva (90kg) and Harlley Perreira (81kg) are other chances of medal for Brazilian, for they’re fighting at home, and Abner Oliveira (73kg) and Rayfran Sources (60kg).
In the women's Russia is who has the best judokas, four among the top five in each weight having Stepanik leader in the category up to 52kg, while Kalyanova is the first place in the 70kg category. Lucia Araujo follows as the Brazilian highlight being one of the best in the category under 57kg.
Curiosities about the sport
Some differences are noted between the Olympic and Paralympic sport, the main one is the fight be started with the judokas holding each other to give the idea where the opponent is located.
Two other curiosities are punishment aloud, saying the name of the athlete punished and warning him of the punishment received. Still in the field of punishment, the output of the dojo does not receive any kind of punishment, unlike what happens in the sport without limitations.