Formula 1

Formula 1

MotorSports Driver
Formula 1

1950 Silverstone


Formula 1 is the world's leading and most established motor racing series. It is regulated and governed by the International Automobile Federation (FIA). Since the 2014 season, it has used engines with electric fractions, containing two internal batteries and six "V" cylinders.In September 2016, the category was acquired by the US group Liberty Media Corporation in a deal valued at 8 billion dollars, between investments and debt assumption, carried out in two stages: the purchase of the Delta Topco holding company and the acquisition of shares in CVC Capital Partners.

The first Formula One Grand Prix were held in Europe at the beginning of the 20th century. Only with a pause from 1939 until September 9, 1945, caused by the World War, was the category interrupted. However, it continues to this day without interruption.

The beginnings of Formula 1

In the opening round, the 1950 British Grand Prix was won by what would become the first world champion in Formula 1 history, the Italian Giusseppe Farina. The driver from the "country of the boot" won the championship by three points from his Argentinian Alfa Romeo teammate, Juan Manuel Fangio.

Juan Manuel Fangio was the driver who marked the first decade of Formula 1. The Argentine won his first world championship in 1951. However, in 1954 and 1955, he managed to win two world championships with Mercedes. The following year, in 1956, he won with Ferrari, and in 1957 with Maserati. So, in the 10 World Championships of the 1950s, Fangio won five of them.

Giusseppe Farina, primer piloto de la historia en ganar un mundial de Fórmula 1 | Fuente: IMDb
Giusseppe Farina, the first Formula 1 world champion (Source: IMDb)

British dominance in the 1960s

Mike Hawthron was the first Briton to win a Formula 1 World Championship, in 1958. The 1960s was the era of British motorsport, with teams like Lotus, Cooper Car Company, Brabham and Owen Racing, as well as big names like Graham Hill, Jim Clark, John Surtees and Jackie Stewart.

John Surtees is the only driver in the history of motor racing to win both the motorcycle world championship and the Formula 1 championship. He won the motorcycle championship on several occasions: 3 in 350cc (1958-1960) and 4 in 500cc (1956, 1958-1960). Surtees won all these championships with the MV Augusta. In Formula 1, he won his championship in 1964 with the Italian Ferrari.

John Surtees en los 60 | Fuente: autosport.com
John Surtees in the 1960s (Source: autosport.com)

As for the teams, Lotus was the forerunner in introducing the aluminum monocoque and tubular chassis. In addition, at the end of the 1960s, aerodynamic elements were incorporated into the car and Lotus introduced the floor effect to its cars, again being a pioneer.

The Ecclestone era and the 70s, 80s and 90s

In 1978, Bernie Ecclestone took over the rights to Formula 1 in order to spread them around the world, turning the category into a corporate business. And so it was that F1 began to grow under Ecclestone's tutelage.

The 70s, 80s and 90s are considered by many to be the best decades in history. Great feuds marked the tarmac, such as Niki Lauda vs. James Hunt, Ayrton Senna vs. Alain Prost and even Michael Schumacher vs. Mika Hakkinen. Those were times of real head-to-head fights.

The 1970s were tattooed with the rivalry between Austrian Niki Lauda and Briton James Hunt. Thus, in 1975, Lauda won his first world championship driving a Ferrari, a team that hadn't won the championship since 1964, with John Surtees. A year later, in 1976, the feud between the two intensified.

Hunt was driving a McLaren and Lauda was defending his title with Ferrari. The season continued to be fierce, but in the German GP, a serious accident prevented Lauda from racing in the Austrian and Dutch GPs, but he returned in the Italian GP, where he crossed the line in fourth place, as Hunt didn't complete the race. So the title was only decided in the last race, at the Japanese Grand Prix, where Lauda was forced to retire because he had trouble seeing during the race, and Hunt was crowned champion with third place.

There was a change in 1977, when the same Lauda regained the trophy in a year in which Hunt's performance dropped slightly.

In the 1980s, McLaren's golden age began, with Japanese engines from Honda. In the decade, the English teams took over: McLaren, Brabham and Williams. No non-English team ever won the constructors' championship.

It was there, in the 1980s, that Nelson Piquet, Keke Rosberg, Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost won at least one world title. And it was Senna and Prost, both McLaren drivers, who fought their battles in the second half of that decade.

McLaren MP4-4 que condujeron Ayrton Senna (en imagen) y Alain Prost en 1988 | Fuente: McLaren
McLaren MP4-4 Senna (photo) and Prost drove in 1988 (Photo: Reproduction / McLaren)

In the 1990s, McLaren couldn't keep up the same pace and fell off the pace in 1992, when Williams introduced technological innovations to their cars, taking them a step ahead of their competitors. In '92, Nigel Mansell won his first title, making McLaren's fall and Williams' rise clear. Alain Prost, who had left Ferrari in '92, moved to Williams (with Renault engines) and became champion in 1993.

1994 was a tragic year. The then very young Rubens Barrichello had a serious accident at the San Marino GP, but the day before, on Saturday, 33-year-old Austrian driver Roland Ratzenberger died in a crash on the same track during practice. And at the Italian Grand Prix, three-time champion Ayrton Senna, at the age of 34, followed in the Austrian's footsteps and died after going straight over the Tamborelo curve at the Imola circuit. That was the death of a Brazilian sporting hero.

But 1994 was also the year that Michael Schumacher won his first world championship, three seasons after making his debut in the category, also for Benetton, for whom he was also champion in 1995. The German then entered into a successful partnership with Ferrari, dominating and calling the shots between 2000 and 2004. And it was in 2005 and 2006 that Renault, with Spaniard Fernando Alonso, also won the title for the second time.

The 2006 season also marked the retirement of the legend Schumacher, who won his 91st race at the Italian Grand Prix.

YEAR DRIVER TEAM ENGINE
1950 Nino Farina (ITA) Alfa Romeo (ITA) Alfa Romeo (ITA)
1951 Juan Manuel Fangio (ARG) Alfa Romeo (ITA) Alfa Romeo (ITA)
1952 Alberto Ascari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
1953 Alberto Ascari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
1954 Juan Manuel Fangio (ARG) Maserati (ITA) and Mercedes (ALE) Maserati (ITA) and Mercedes (ALE)
1955 Juan Manuel Fangio (ARG) Mercedes (ALE) Mercedes (ALE)
1956 Juan Manuel Fangio (ARG) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
1957 Juan Manuel Fangio (ARG) Maserati (ITA) Maserati (ITA)
1958 Mike Hawthorn (GBR) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
1959 Jack Brabham (AUS) Cooper (GBR) Climax (GBR)
1960 Jack Brabham (AUS) Cooper (GBR) Climax (GBR)
1961 Phil Hill (USA) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
1962 Graham Hill (GBR) BRM (GBR) BRM (GBR)
1963 Jim Clark (GBR) Lotus (GBR) Climax (GBR)
1964 John Surtees (GBR) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
1965 Jim Clark (GBR) Lotus (GBR) Climax (GBR)
1966 Jack Brabham (AUS) Brabham (GBR) Repco (AUS)
1967 Denny Hulme (AUS) Brabham (GBR) Repco (AUS)
1968 Graham Hill (GBR) Lotus (GBR) Ford (USA)
1969 Jackie Stewart (GBR) Matra (FRA) Ford (USA)
1970 Jochen Rindt (AUT) Lotus (GBR) Ford (USA)
1971 Jackie Stewart (GBR) Tyrell (GBR) Ford (USA)
1972 Emerson Fittipaldi (BRA) Lotus (GBR) Ford (USA)
1973 Jackie Stewart (GBR) Tyrell (GBR) Ford (USA)
1974 Emerson Fittipaldi (BRA) McLaren (GBR Ford (USA)
1975 Niki Lauda (AUT) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
1976 James Hunt (GBR) McLaren (GBR) Ford (USA)
1977 Niki Lauda (AUT) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
1978 Mario Andretti (USA) Lotus (GBR) Ford (USA)
1979 Jody Scheckter (AFS) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
1980 Alan Jones (AUS) Williams (GBR) Ford (USA)
1981 Nelson Piquet (BRA) Brabham (GBR) Ford (USA)
1982 Keke Rosberg (FIN) Williams (GBR) Ford (USA)
1983 Nelson Piquet (BRA) Brabham (GBR) BMW (ALE)
1984 Niki Lauda (AUT) McLaren (GBR) TAG (LUX)
1985 Alain Prost (FRA) McLaren (GBR) TAG (LUX)
1986 Alain Prost (FRA) McLaren (GBR) TAG (LUX)
1987 Nelson Piquet (BRA) Williams (GBR) Honda (JAPAN)
1988 Ayrton Senna (BRA) McLaren (GBR) Honda (JAP)
1989 Alain Prost (FRA) McLaren (GBR) Honda (JAP)
1990 Ayrton Senna (BRA) McLaren (GBR) Honda (JAP)
1991 Ayrton Senna (BRA) McLaren (GBR) Honda (JAP)
1992 Nigel Mansell (GBR) Williams (GBR) Renault (FRA)
1993 Alain Prost (FRA) Williams (GBR) Renault (FRA)
1994 Michael Schumacher (ALE) Benetton (ITA) Ford (USA)
1995 Michael Schumacher (ALE) Benetton (ITA) Renault (FRA)
1996 Damon Hill (GBR) Williams (GBR) Renault (FRA)
1997 Jacques Villeneuve (CAN) Williams (GBR) Renault (FRA)
1998 Mika Hakkinen (FIN) McLaren (GBR) Mercedes (ALE)
1999 Mika Hakkinen (FIN) McLaren (GBR) Mercedes (ALE)
2000 Michael Schumacher (ALE) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
2001 Michael Schumacher (ALE) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
2002 Michael Schumacher (ALE) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
2003 Michael Schumacher (ALE) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
2004 Michael Schumacher (ALE) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
2005 Fernando Alonso (ESP) Renault (FRA) Renault (FRA)
2006 Fernando Alonso (ESP) Renault (FRA) Renault (FRA)
2007 Kimi Raikkonen (FIN) Ferrari (ITA) Ferrari (ITA)
2008 Lewis Hamilton (GBR) McLaren (GBR) Mercedes (ALE)
2009 Jenson Button (GBR) Brawn (GBR) Mercedes (ALE)
2010 Sebastian Vettel (ALE) Red Bull Racing (AUT) Renault (FRA)
2011 Sebastian Vettel (ALE) Red Bull Racing (AUT) Renault (FRA)
2012 Sebastian Vettel (ALE) Red Bull Racing (AUT) Renault (FRA)
2013 Sebastian Vettel (ALE) Red Bull Racing (AUT) Renault (FRA)
2014 Lewis Hamilton (GBR) Mercedes (ALE) Mercedes (ALE)
2015 Lewis Hamilton (GBR) Mercedes (ALE) Mercedes (ALE)
2016 Nico Rosberg (ALE) Mercedes (ALE) Mercedes (ALE)
2017 Lewis Hamilton (GBR) Mercedes (ALE) Mercedes (ALE)
2018 Lewis Hamilton (GBR) Mercedes (ALE) Mercedes (ALE)
2019 Lewis Hamilton (GBR) Mercedes (ALE) Mercedes (ALE)
2020      
2021      
2022      
2023      

Continuation of Formula 1 biography coming soon.